Assyrian dating service
Assyria itself existed as an independent state (and often imperial power) in what is today northern Iraq, north eastern Syria, south eastern Turkey and the north western fringe of Iran from the 25th century BC to the beginning of the sixth century BC, and remained a geopolitical entity until the mid seventh century AD.The Assyrians were an integral part of the Akkadian Empire (2335–2154 BC) which united the Akkadian-speaking peoples under one rule, and after its dissolution Assyria rose to prominence with the Old Assyrian Empire (c.2025–1750 BC), Middle Assyrian Empire (1365–1020 BC) and Neo-Assyrian Empire (911-605 BC), the latter two of these empires made Assyria the most powerful nation in the world at the time.The Simmele Massacre is also commemorated yearly with the official Assyrian Martyrs Day on August 7.The massacre was carried out by the Iraqi Army, led by Kurdish General Bakir Sidqi, and Kurdish and Arab irregulars. Turks, with the cooperation of Kurdish groups, conducted systematic murder against the Christian population.The Assyrians suffered a series of severe religiously motivated massacres under Muslim Turco-Mongol rule in the 13th and 14th centuries AD, greatly reducing their numbers, and causing the ancient city of Assur to be finally abandoned after 4000 years of occupation.The new arrival of Muslim Kurds went along with persecutionss of Assyrians.
For the second time, in 1846, the Assyrians residing at the Thuma region have been massacred...." British writer William Eagleton said that "in 18, Bedirhan started a massacre and booting campaign against the Christian Assyrians (Nestorians) he was anxious about whose getting stronger and independent through becoming able to rule themselves.
In 1894, Paul Cambon described the creation of Kurdish Hamidies regiments as "the official organisation for pillage at the expense of Armenian Christians".
In these places "the system of persecutions and extorsions became intolerable to populations who had become accustomed to their slavery".
Scholars have said that Kurds also fought against Christians because they feared that Armenians or their European allies could take control of the area.
Both Arabs and Kurds thought of the Assyrians as foreigners and as allies of colonial Britain.